This technique uses pre-cast substrate to provide the oyster larva with a firm base to adhere and propagate. This type of restoration technique provides a stable substrate for oyster larva settlement and the potential to perform as an effective wave energy dissipater and erosion control device. We then planted a red mangrove encased in a tightly woven mesh bag into each reef ball.
A nursery of red mangroves A newly planted mangrove
Retrieved from Volusia County Government site, https://www.volusia.org/services/growth-and-resource-management/environmental-management/natural-resources/beach-and-sea-turtles/beach-environment/estuarine-restoration/mangrove-restoration/chicken-island-demo-project/reef-balls.stml