Reef Innovations

Breakwater Research

“The Marriott Reef Ball Breakwater System has successfully modified the wave and current fields landward of the breakwater to induce accretion and beach stability.” Arnouil D, 2006 Shoreline Response for a Reef Ball TM Submerged Breakwater System Offshore of Grand Cayman Island

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Barbar, T.  Reef Balls as Submerged Breakwaters for Erosion, Retrieved from

Florida Institute of Technology, Wave Tank & Stability Analysis of Reef Balls, Retrieved from

U.S Army Corps of Engineers Coastal Engineering Technical Note CETN-III-xx, 2001, Hurri cane Effects on Reef Ball Unit Stability, Retreived from Http:// (1).htm

Maxwell Marine Consulting, 2009 Stability Analysis for Cancun Hotel to use Reef Balls as a submerged breakwater  Retreived from 20Rpt%20Final%202009_04_06.pdf

Diario Yucatan, 2002  Reef Ball Breakwater, Retreived from

Global Challenges,

Michael Homes,  Audio

Holt, Craig  2003 article  Long Beach Pier is the Retreived from 20Carolina%20Sportsman.htm

Sarasota Bay National Estuary Program, Sarasota Bay NEP Restores Reef Habitat  Retreived from,% 20Oceans%20and%20Watersheds%20%20Oceans,%20Coasts%20and%20Estuaries% 20%20National%20Estuary%20Program%20%20Coastlines%20%20April%202003%20- %20Issue%2013_2%20%20Sarasota%20Bay%20NEP%20Restores%20Reef% 20Habitat.htmfrom

McFarlane J. 2015 poster  23Years of Worldwide Reef Balls Coastal Restoration Retrieved from

McFarlane J. 2015 ppt  23Years of Worldwide Reef Balls Coastal Restoration Retrieved from

McFarlane 2014 poster Living Shoreline Techniques and Successes Retrieved at c9ccb868b1e0cddd69dca83437ef9a11.jpg

Reef Innovations  various references   Retreived at

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With over 30 years of combined experience in research, product design, and manufacturing of Reef Balls, Reef Innovations is a leader in innovative design and construction materials for Reef and Breakwater projects.

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