This is a newly released publication from the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
The study used input‐ output analysis techniques to estimate the multiplier effect of program spending
as it flows through the regional economy. The first part applies total spending on PFW and Coastal
Program projects in FY2011 to models of each state’s economy. This yields a snapshot of the overall
effects of the program at the state level. The second part of the study consists of analyses of spending
for 15 sample projects. Each project illustrates different aspects of the program operation and its
impacts on the local regional economy
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